What is Ayurveda – Philosophy and Doshas

Ayurveda believes that everything in the universe along with all the living and the human beings is composed of the five basic elements called the panchamahabhutas. The panchamahabhutas include the air, water, fire, earth and space.



Ayurveda suggests that all the panchamahabhutas integrate together to give rise to the Doshas (energy types) within the living beings. The three Doshas so formed are called Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Vata is believed to be a combination of air and space, Pitta represents the fire and water and Kapha constitutes water and earth. Together the three are called ‘the Tri-Doshas’ and govern the psychological, biological and the physiological aspects of the mind and the body.



The Prakriti or the constitution of the individual is also governed by the dominance of the Tri-Doshas. In general only one or two out of the three Doshas are dominant in an individual. Ayurveda because of compositions of Doshas treats every being as an individual. Every medicinal prescription in Ayurveda is specifically prepared for an individual keeping in mind the constitution of his/her Doshas. This is why every individual reciprocates to a set of treatment in a different manner.


An imbalance among the Doshas lead to different ailments and disorders and the principles of Ayurvedic health revolve around the three Doshas attempting to keep a balance among them.

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